Granma was founded October 3, 1965, an important date in Cuban history.

Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz introduces members of the newly elected Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba. Photo: Jorge Oller

On this date, in Havana’s Karl Marx Theater, an important change was made in the name of the Party. The United Party of the Cuban Revolution became the Communist Party of Cuba, and its first Central Committee was elected. One of this body’s first decisions was the foundation of Granma, as the official organ of the Party’s leadership.

The emergence of Granma also reflected the unity among revolutionary forces, which had been developing and growing stronger since the triumph of the Revolution. Thus, the country’s principal newspaper was created by fusing two others: Hoy, the voice of the People’s Socialist Party and Revolución, of the July 26th Movement.
On this same October 3, on the stage at Karl Marx Theater, Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro read Ernesto Che Guevara’s letter of farewell.

Granma has as its principal objective the dissemination, through its articles and commentaries, of the Revolution’s work and principles, the conquests achieved by our people, as well as the integrity and unity of our people with the Party and Fidel.

Front page of the first edition of Granma, published October 4, 1965. Photo: Jorge Oller

In this context, the newspaper is loyal to the Party’s policy, its ethical principles, in both its focus on events unfolding within Cuban society and international relations.

Additionally published is the weekly Granma International in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, German and Italian – also reprinted in Argentina, Brazil and Canada, reaching more than 65 countries.

Granma updates its digital version in Spanish and five other languages - including the international weekly’s content - on a daily basis.

Granma International was the first Cuban media organization to publish a website on the Internet, beginning in August of 1996, while the daily made its content available online in July of 1997. The two sites have now been unified.

Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz, meeting with the Communist Patry of Cuba Central Committee Secretariat in the headquarters of the newspaper Hoy. Photo: Jorge Oller
Granma’s first run. Editor Isidoro Malmierca reviews pages, October 4, 1965. Photo: Jorge Oller